Kyudo: the way of traditional Japanese archery.
Simply put, it is the action of using a bow to shoot an arrow at a target.
That is all.
And yet at another glance, there is much much more.
Kyudo (more accurately spelled “kyuudou”) is a particular style of archery in which shooting an arrow to hit a physical target is just a part.
“What else is there?” you may ask. “For what other reason would one shoot an arrow?”
This is largely where the practice of kyudo begins, and is up to each archer to answer on his own.
Aside from shooting an arrow, one could generally summarize the other facets as etiquette. This includes the particular manner in which the shooting is done, the preparatory movements to shooting, the method in which one enters and leaves the shooting area, the cooperation between archers in shooting, the maintenance of equipment, the dress one wears during practice, etc.
But this is just the physical side, which is only just another small part of the whole of kyudo.
What of the deeper mental and spiritual aspects? Why is it important to call it “Japanese”?
One can answer these questions by looking at the Japanese characters for this practice:
弓 (kyuu): bow
道 (dou): path / way
It is the last character of this word that further reveals the spiritual and mental sides of kyudo.
The suffix “-dou” denotes a family of traditions in Japan in which the practice at hand is not merely physical movements for a specific aim, but a way of living and expressing oneself. This “way” is a method of self-cultivation and its manifestation is art.
This “way” is an entire world of experience in which shooting an arrow at a target is just a part,
which is why one would go to a lot of trouble to say it is more than just shooting an arrow at a target.
But then again, kyudo is simply,
shooting an arrow at a target.
Welcome to the labrynth that is kyudo.
Below I have left two very important writings on the practice of kyudo: the Raiki-Shagi (Record of Etiquette-Truth of Shooting) and the Shaho-Kun (Principles of Shooting). They are fairly brief, but within these writings we can discover as well as return to the source of kyudo.
Raiki-Shagi: Record of Etiquette-Truth of Shooting
The shooting, with the round of moving forward or backward can never be without courtesy and propriety (Rei).
After having acquired the right inner intention and correctness in the outward appearance, the bow and arrow can be handled resolutely.
To shoot in this way is to perform the shooting with success, and through this shooting virtue will be evident.
Kyudo is the way of perfect virtue. In the shooting, one must search for rightness in oneself. With the rightness of self, shooting can be realized.
At the time when shooting fails, there should be no resentment towards those who win. On the contrary, this is an occasion to search for oneself.
Shaho-Kun: Principles of Shooting, by Master Junsei Yoshimi
The way is not with the bow, but with the bone, which is of the greatest importance in shooting.
Placing Spirit (Kokoro) in the centre of the whole body, with two-thirds of the Yunde (left arm) push the string, and with one-third of the Mete (right arm) pull the bow. Spirit settled, this becomes harmonious unity.
From the centre line of the chest, divide the left and right equally into the release.
It is written, that the collision of iron and stone will release sudden sparks; and thus there is the golden body, shining white, and the half moon positioned in the west.